June 26, 2010 (SSNA) — North and South Sudan are set to begin secession negotiations on July 5. The announcement comes three days after the two parties signed an agreement hosted by Addis Ababa. On June 23, South Sudan’s ruling party, SPLM, and NCP, signed an agreement in Mekelle, Ethiopia. Under the agreement, the two…
June 25, 2010 (SSNA) —This week, fight over who owns the Nile has reached political peak, with Cairo leading the way on diplomatic fronts. During the colonial era, Egypt was the only nation to oversee and manage the use of Nile waters. But now, things have changed.
Egyptian Finance Minister Youssef Botrous Ghali travelled to Burundi earlier this week for talks regarding the treaty, al-Masry al-Youm reported.
"This is serious," said Henriette Ndombe, executive director of the intergovernmental Nile Basin Initiative, established in 1999 to oversee the negotiation process and enhance co-operation. "This could be the beginning of a conflict."
Omar Suleiman, Egypt’s intelligence chief, is in talks with Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni in Kampala over differences concerning the recent Nile basin agreement, Egyptian daily al-Masry al-Youm reported on Thursday.
"We were saying: ‘This is crazy! You cannot claim these rights without obligations”, Isaac Musumba, Uganda’s state minister for regional affairs, and its Nile representative, told the Guardian.
In May, Rwanda, Ethiopia, Uganda, and Tanzania signed a "River Nile Basin Co-operative Framework" agreement. Kenya which was first seen as less interested in the agreement later signed on. Burundi, along with Congo, abstained from signing the agreement.
Under the agreement, each state’s share of the Nile Basin water will depend on climate, economic, population, social, and other important issues.
“All the upstream states saw the move by Egypt (Sudan has a more passive role) as "tantamount to an insult", Minelik Alemu Getahun, one of Ethiopia’s negotiators, was quote by the Guardian as saying.
If the deal is ratify, a body to decide on water allocation will be set up without Egypt and Sudan that need the river most. This causes panic in Cairo.
The 1929 bilateral treaty gave Cairo a power to veto any water development project in the Nile basin.
In 1959, Egypt and Sudan signed a deal that gave them "full utilisation of the Nile waters".
June 21, 2010 (Juba) — The President of the Government of Southern Sudan (GoSS), Salva Kiir, has appointed his new cabinet. Names of those who have been appointed in the new government are as follows:
1. Mr. Kosti Manibe Ngai – Minister of Cabinet Affairs
2. Mr. Pagan Amum – Minister of Peace and CPA Implementation
3. Mr. Nhial Deng Nhial – Minister of SPLA and Veteran Affairs
4. Mr. Deng Alor – Minister of Regional Cooperation
5. Dr. Cirino Hitend Ofuho – Minister in the Office of the President
6. Mr. John Luyk Jok – Minister of Legal Affairs and Constitutional Development
7. Mr. Gier Chuon Aluong – Minister of Internal Affairs
8. Mr. Michael Makuei Lueth – Minister of Parliamentary Affairs
9. Mr. David Deng Athorbei – Minister of Finance and Economic Planning
10. Gen. Oyay Deng Ajak – Minister for Investment
11. Mrs. Awut Deng Acuil – Minister of Labour and Public Service
12. Dr. Barnaba Marial Benjamin – Minister of Information
13. Dr. Luka Tombekana Manoja – Minister of Health
14. Dr. Samson Lukare Kwaje – Minister of Agriculture and Forestry
June 18, 2010 (Khartoum) — The Governors of oil rich States, Taban Deng Gai and Ahmed Haroun, have met with representatives of oil companies to tackle some security issues in the exploring areas. “The Governor of South Kordufan state, Ahmed Haroun, and his Unity State Counterpart, Gen. Taban Deng, have agreed during a meeting with…
June 16, 2010 (Khartoum) — South Sudan’s army said on Wednesday 10 members of a renegade militia and three soldiers were killed in a gunbattle in the region’s Jonglei oil state.
A 35-strong search team came across George Athor’s rebels on Tuesday, a day after it had flushed him out of a hideout, according to the southern army (SPLA).
Athor launched a rebellion after failing to win Jonglei’s governorship in an April election, accusing the south’s dominant Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) of rigging the vote. Last month Athor said he was coordinating attacks with two other militia leaders in Jonglei and neighbouring Unity state, raising fears for regional stability in the run-up to a potentially explosive secession referendum due in January 2011.
There have been reports of scattered attacks but they have not coalesced into a large uprising.
"The reconnaissance platoon found his new place suddenly and there was an exchange of fire near Dier village in Khorfulus County," SPLA spokesman Kuol Diem Kuol said.
"From the SPLA side, three were killed and eight wounded and from Athor’s side 10 killed."
Athor did not answer calls on Wednesday.
Earlier Kuol said SPLA troops attacked Athor’s forces in the village of Wunlam on Monday night, after they were led to the hideout, also in Khorfulus County, by one of Athor’s men captured in an earlier fight.
"He is running with less than 30 soldiers. They are his close relatives from the village … Our forces are now pursuing him. We expect his capture within days," said Kuol, adding the SPLA captured 13 of Athor’s men and radio equipment on Monday.
Last week the SPLA said it chased militia commander Galwak Gai out of his base in Unity state, which includes oilfields operated by the Greater Nile Petroleum Operating Company (GNPOC), a consortium led by China’s CNPC. French group Total holds a largely unexplored oil concession in Jonglei.
South Sudan, the source of most of Sudan’s oil, secured a referendum on whether to split off as a separate country in a 2005 peace deal that ended more than two decades of civil war with the north.
By Khaled Abdelaziz June 14, 2010 (Khartoum) — Sudan’s president Omar Hassan al-Bashir on Monday named his new coalition government, appointing Southerner Lual Acuek Deng to the new post of oil minister, according to a presidential order seen by Reuters. It is likely to be Sudan’s last government ahead of a secession referendum due in…
June 12, 2010 (Khartoum) — South Sudan’s president Salva Kiir reappointed his deputy, state media said on Saturday, in his first step to forming a new government to take the underdeveloped region to a 2011 independence referendum. Sudan’s oil-producing south secured its own semi-autonomous government, and the referendum on whether it should split off as…
June 6, 2010 (Khartoum) — Sudanese President Omar Bashir on Saturday warned of an "explosive" situation between north and south Sudan if the south chooses to break away in a referendum next year. "Parts of the border could be explosive… like in the case of Ethiopia and Eritrea, or even India and Pakistan," Bashir said…
March 9, 2010 (Malakal) — The ruling party of Southern Sudan is planning to suspend salaries of independent Candidates who are running for seats without the SPLM’s seal of approval. Reliable source confirmed that the plan has been secretly debated by some top party officials who felt the former party members have abandoned them in…
February 18, 2010 (Mekele) — The Tigray Peoples Liberation Front (TPLF) said its 35th founding anniversary is being celebrated in the aftermath of remarkable achievements registered in all development sectors. In a statement it issued here on Wednesday in connection with its 35th founding anniversary, TPLF Central Committee said tangible change is being registered in…