The deal granted Egypt the right to use 55.5bn cubic metres a year, with Sudan’s share at a quarter.
South Sudanese are set to decide their future next year. They will choose between united Sudan or form their own country. But Egypt has been critical of breaking Sudan up for fear it will affect its share of the Nile waters. A charge dismissed by the South Sudan’s leaders as “unfair and sign of desperation”.
Nile, the longest river in the world, is the source of water for Egypt and Sudan. But Upstream States are now taking actions to strip Egypt from its rights she was given by the colonial power (British) during the 1929 and 1959 agreements.